The private sector is becoming an increasingly important development actor. This ALIGN report, by Rebecca Calder, explores some of the ways in which the private sector is engaging with discriminatory gender norms and their impacts. It examines private sector motivations for engaging with gender norms, efforts to integrate women and girls into supply chains, and their outcomes, and gender lens investing as a means to support norm change activities. It also examines some private sector innovations that are increasingly adopted in social change activity.
Use the faceted search function to select resources by type, author, institution, date, location and topic area. Or, you can use the search bar to run a free text search. These resources have been selected to reflect key existing knowledge and thinking related to gender norms and norm change.
This report explores 'masculine norms' – messages, stereotypes, and social instructions related to manhood that supersede and interact with being born male or identifying as a man – as crucial factors driving men’s violence. It combines a review of academic and grey literature with program evidence and input from expert reviewers across several fields of violence prevention, making the connections between harmful masculine norms and eight forms of violent behaviour.
This interactive diagram shows stylised routes to change in a ‘standard’ school, in a school that accelerates change by paying specific attention to promoting gender equality, and in one where the positive potential of education to promote norm change is disrupted. When viewing the diagram, click on one of the three titles to reveal the route, then scroll down and hover over the different elements to reveal the detail.
This diagram was created as part of ALIGN's curated content on Education and gender norm change.
This diagram shows two routes to gender norm change through education: (1) a ‘standard’ route, showing how norm change can occur in schools that make no special efforts to promote gender equality; and (2) an ‘accelerated’ route, which shows what can happen when schools actively promote gender equality. In the latter, the ‘standard’ effects are often stronger, and there is less risk that norm change processes will be interrupted by backlash or inertia.
This report reviews new evidence on how and why women and girls are disproportionately impacted in times of crisis. The report looks at six areas, each of which impact gender norms and women’s ability to survive, cope, and recover from natural disasters and conflicts.
Adolescence is a pivotal time in a girl's life. The development of educational, physical, psychosocial, familial, political and economic capabilities enable girls to reach their full potential and contribute to the wellbeing of their families and society. However, progress is still significantly constrained by discriminatory gender norms and the related attitudes and practices which restrict girls’ horizons, restrain their ambition and, if unfettered, allow exploitation and abuse.
This webinar discusses the norms that undergird child marriage, taking evidence from field work by ICRW in Malawi, by INSAD in Mexico and by Plan International in 8 Latin American countries has focused on the roles deep-rooted norms and local context play. Presenters discuss the foundations of child marriage in these different contexts, shared their experiences measuring social norms, and aimed to shed light on ways to catalyse meaningful and sustained social change.
In Maasailand, a group of 750 progressive young men called the Anti-Cut warriors are shifting the cultural landscape by challenging Maasai social and gender norms and seeking to end harmful traditional practices.
This background paper reviews literature on social norm change theory and programming, with a focus on public health. It is an output of the 'scale-up' learning community within the Learning Collaborative to advance Research and Practice on Normative Change for Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive health and well-being. Issues of power imbalances and inequality, particularly related to gender, are discussed and a number of interventions and community-based health programs are reviewed to discuss what constitutes 'normative change interventions'.
This article explores associations between attitudes and social norms, and self-esteem of refugees in Ethiopian refugee camps. The findings indicate how shifting collective norms around gender inequity, particularly at the community and peer levels, may sustainably support the safety and well-being of adolescent girls in refugee settings.