Redefining Norms to Empower Women (ReNEW)
- Published by: The Learning Collaborative to Advance Normative Change
CARE International Sri Lanka; Sevalanka Foundation; Johnson & Johnson (J&J) Corporate Contributions
ReNEW (Redefining Norms to Empower Women), is a social norms pilot program that focused on engaging men and boys to reduce intimate partner violence (IPV) on tea plantations in Sri Lanka (2014-2016). Social norms-based theory approaches were used to target and measure the use of male aggression in conflicts between husbands and wives as well as the occurrence of violence against women among plantation communities. The program contributed social norms activities to a long running project that attempted to identify social norms, reference groups, and quantify norms.
Social norms of interest
Both passive and active social norms around male aggression in couple conflicts were selected. Excessive forms of active aggression like physical abuse, scolding were measured as well as passive aggression in respect to indirect forms of hostility, pressure to obey and tolerate violence.
Behaviors of interest
Husbands use of physical punishment, use of scolding/ verbal punishment, wives’ acceptance of their husband’s point of view without question, wives keeping silent so as not to prolong the fight
Program components included open discussions that assessed beliefs and attitudes of reference groups, 35 community talk shows that addressed various topics, and media campaigns drawing on lessons from social norms theory.
Social norms measurement
Primary data collection was conducted using focus group discussions to identify social norms and surveys to identify reference groups and quantify norms. Vignettes, quantitative, and qualitative surveys were used.
Key findings to date
Measurement of social norms found that conflicts were resolved in ways that discriminated against women and reinforced their unequal power relations. However, endline data showed that male aggression in martial conflicts only slightly decreased. There were no significant differences after exposure to the media campaign.
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