Learning Collaborative Measurement Case Studies
Case study

Creating Spaces to Take Action on Violence against Women and Girls Project

Published by: The Learning Collaborative to Advance Normative Change

Organizations involved

Oxfam; multiple local and research partners

Summary

In partnership with civil society organizations, Oxfam is carrying the Creating Spaces to Take Action on Violence Against Women and Girls in five countries: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines. The project aims to reduce violence against women and girls, and child, early, and forced marriage. This project reaches 245,000 direct and 980,000 indirect beneficiaries (mainly women and girls).

Social norms of interest

Related to: harmful gender norms, violence against women and girls (VAWG), and child, early, and forced marriage

Behaviors of interest

Gender-based violence (GBV), early marriage

Project components

The overall project framework revolves around three pillars. Pillar 1 - Engaging key community actors to support and promote positive gender norms. Strategies and activities for this pillar target three groups: influencers (religious and community leaders, political leaders, and private sector), youth/adolescent, and women and girl community leaders; with desired outcome of strengthening their engagement to advance women’s leadership and rights, and to reduce violence against women and girls, and child, early and forced marriage. Pillar 2 - Supporting women and girls who have experienced violence. Strategies and activities in this pillar target women and girls who have experienced violence, including child, early and forced marriage, along with staff of key institutions (civil society organizations, especially women’s rights organizations, state and private sector) that offer either social and legal support services or economic opportunities, with the desired outcome of improving access by these women and girls to such services. Pillar 3 - Building knowledge and capacity of institutions and alliances to influence change. Strategies and activities in this pillar target partner civil society organizations, especially women’s rights organizations, national and regional, networks and alliances.  The desired outcome is to support increased use of innovative knowledge, including best and emerging practice for response, prevention, and accountability mechanisms, to end violence against women and girls, and child, early, and forced marriage.

Social norms measurement

The Oxfam Social Norms Diagnostic Tool was used to identify social norms related to behaviors of interest. Quantitative baseline/endline surveys are being used with social norms items to assess normative change.

Key findings to date

Results achieved as of March 2017 include: (1) a detailed baseline study was completed in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and the Philippines; (2) 69 workshops took place in Nepal through which 2,865 influencers (religious and community leaders, political leaders, and private sector) were oriented on legal frameworks around women’s rights. In Bangladesh, 4 workshops conducted in 5 districts reached 149 service providers; (3) 109 youth groups and 17 community groups were formed in Bangladesh and Pakistan to raise awareness on women’s and girls’ rights; and (4) mass media campaigns were launched on International Women’s Day in Bangladesh and Pakistan. In Pakistan, rickshaw wallahs were used to share information about violence against women and the role of community members in stopping it. A total of 24,099 direct beneficiaries were reached in the first year of the project (5,619 women; 5,125 men; 6,199 female youth; and 7,150 male youth, and 6 children).

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Map of social norms-focused projects and measurement approaches

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