Tools to promote change in school systems
International agencies and donor governments have developed a number of toolkits that give guidance on how gender equality and more gender-equitable attitudes can be incorporated into school systems and school management. Examples include the following.
- UNICEF - Promoting Gender Equality through UNICEF-Supported Programming in Basic Education. Provides guidance on how to incorporate gender issues in education programme design, focusing on identifying what support girls need to access education and the barriers that prevent them doing so.
- CIDA. Tip Sheet on Gender Equality in Education. Covers policy, education statistics, teacher training and curriculum development, identifying a series of questions to ask and actions to take to improve gender responsiveness and education outcomes for girls.
- UNESCO. Promoting Gender Equality in Education. Provides resources for raising awareness of gender and activities designed for use in a school environment. Contains exercises to build gender-responsive educational management, including how to go about gender-responsive budgeting in education.
Tools to support more gender-equitable approaches in the classroom
- IREX – Creating Supportive Learning Environments for Girls and Boys: A Guide for Educators. This resource describes how to create a ‘gender friendly’ classroom and how to ensure that teaching materials are ‘gender friendly’. It uses a workbook format, enabling teachers to create their own action plan and monitor change.
- FAWE – Gender Responsive Pedagogy: A Teacher’s Handbook. This, and other resources from FAWE, describe how to implement its gender responsive pedagogy model. The resources help teachers understand the specific needs of boys and girls as they learn, and the skills required to be gender responsive in the classroom.
- Promundo: The Portal for Gender Equality in Schools (PEGE) has resources for teachers to use in lessons discussing gender equality. Manuals for Programmes H and M (its flagship community based informal education programmes on gender-sensitive masculinities) are designed to be accessible for teachers to use.
There are also a wide range of resources based on the experience of individual programmes – for example, programmes designed to change gender norms in education, programmes that build on insights from sexual and reproductive health interventions, and programmes tackling violence against girls in school environments. Some good resources include:
- Transforming Education for Girls in Nigeria and Tanzania (TEGINT): An extensive set of tools for promoting gender equality and girls’ rights with teachers, school management, community members, policy-makers, and girls and boys themselves. These tools give insights into how different actors can work together to achieve change.
- Gender Equity Movement in Schools (GEMS). The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) has developed a range of resources based on this programme, including a training manual for facilitators and a campaign guide. It has guidance on the types of activities that can be used to reach out to young people and community members, including campaigns to tackle gender and violence in schools.
- Population Council: Has produced many resources on health, gender and life skills programmes. The It’s All One Curriculum presents a unified approach to gender, health and sexuality education. The organisation’s broader experience of working with adolescent girls has led it to produce other toolkits on programme design, including on Girl-Centered Program Design, Building Girls’ Protective Assets, and Girls’ Leadership and Mentoring.
- Connect with Respect: This resource from Plan International focuses on how teachers and school management can prevent gender-based violence in schools. Other resources include My Safety, My Wellbeing, a curriculum developed by the International Rescue Committee (IRC), and insights from ActionAid’s Stop Violence Against Girls in School project. These provide guidance and exercises that teachers can use to raise awareness of violence and give girls the tools they need to resist violence.
- Resources from Girl Effect such as the 'Girl Consultation Toolkit' and the 'Insights Toolkit'.